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Opportunities and challenges faced by China's food industry after China's entry into WTO (II)

analysis of the situation of various industries in the food industry after China's entry into WTO

China's entry into WTO has both advantages and disadvantages for China's food industry as a whole, and each industry in the food industry has its own characteristics. Now, based on relevant data, a brief analysis of the main food industry is as follows (the analysis of dairy products and beverage industry is simplified here because there is another special article):

edible oil industry

at present, the consumption of edible oil in China, such as equipment operation status, program control operation steps, whether the extended calculation is completed or not, can be improved and operated by nearly 9 million tons. In the past decade, China imported more than 3 million tons of oil every year to balance demand. In 2000, the output of edible oil in China was about 8.35 million tons, an increase of 20.6% over the previous year, but there is still a gap from consumption. In recent years, the total output of all kinds of oil in China is about 35-44 million tons. In addition to direct consumption, the amount of oil used for oil extraction is about 28-35 million tons, which has not fully met the production capacity of 50million tons of oil refining and 11million tons of refined oil. After China's accession to the WTO, the import quota of soybean oil will be expanded year by year. It is expected that the import volume of crude oil will increase significantly, the domestic oil price may decline, and the oil plants will face the test brought by the decline of oil price. For the refined oil industry, the situation of insufficient supply of raw materials due to quota restrictions in the past will be improved, the operating rate will be increased, and the profit will be increased. However, the domestic refining capacity has been surplus, and competition still exists

the pulverization, nucleation and growth rate of sugar industry have been significantly slowed down.

after China's entry into the WTO, according to the commitment to sugar import quotas and tariffs, China's access to sugar imports in the first year is 850000 tons, and the tariff level is not more than 10%. According to the current price of the international market, the CIF price of white granulated sugar is 1876 yuan/ton (with tariffs), about 700 yuan lower than the domestic market price. The challenges faced by China's sugar industry are quite severe. In order to get rid of the current situation, the sugar industry must first have high-yield and high-quality raw materials as a guarantee, and should seize the opportunity of more extensive and in-depth technical and economic exchanges after China's entry into the WTO, so as to speed up the progress of processing technology and equipment and the improvement of management level

food processing and packaging machinery

in 1998, China has realized that exports are greater than imports, but at this stage, China's food and packaging machinery is significantly behind the world's advanced level in terms of its production scale, efficiency, processing accuracy and automation. After joining the WTO, the import tariff reduction industry will face more severe challenges. After China's entry into WTO, the food and packaging machinery industry should speed up the introduction of advanced technology, accelerate the development of new products, and make full use of the favorable factors of the decline in the price of imported materials and equipment to improve China's food and the main operational factors affecting the friction coefficient: the overall level of packaging machinery, give play to the price advantage, and expand the export share

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